The date was the same – 26 January and the year was 1930. There was an atmosphere of celebration in every corner of India since morning. Dressed in khadi and carrying the tricolor flag of India in their hands, men and women, old and children, all were coming out of their homes to celebrate the biggest festival of modern times. It was a celebration of complete independence. It was a celebration of India’s independence. As per the scheduled program at eight in the morning, the tricolor of India was hoisted in every village, city and city with the announcement of Vande Mataram and flag-songs all over India. From Peshawar to Madras and from Calcutta to Ahmedabad, flag-hoisting programs were held in all cities, towns and villages.
broke the tradition of applying
In the December 1929 Lahore session of the Congress, under the leadership of young President Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, for the first time, breaking the tradition of applying for constitutional reforms to the British rule and giving gradual concessions of self-government, the country directly declared independence in all respects. Gave. This was called Purna Swaraj. Congress Working Committee meeting was held in Allahabad on January 6, 1930 to take this resolution of complete Swaraj to the masses, in which it was decided to celebrate Independence Day in the whole country on January 26 of the same month. The date of January 26 was fixed because it was the last Sunday of January. The time for hoisting the flag was also fixed in the same working committee at 8 in the morning. All the countrymen were called upon to hoist the Indian tricolor on the next 26th January and proclaim the achievement of the resolution of complete independence. Mahatma Gandhi gave some more additional instructions regarding the first Independence Day events on January 26, 1930, that everyone would take out processions in a completely non-violent manner. No speeches will be given, but Congress’s resolution of complete independence will be translated into local languages and narrated to the people. Information about this resolution of India was also sent to other countries of the world. Many MPs of America, the then largest democracy of the world, expressed full support for India’s resolution of independence. On January 26, 1930, in a meeting in New York, American lawmakers, while expressing their support for the resolution of India’s complete independence, also urged the US Senate to give its recognition to independent India. That proposal was also brought up in the US Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Those MPs also sent a message in this regard to the then Congress President Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Apart from America, Indians celebrated the country’s Independence Day for the first time on January 26, 1930, in other countries of the world, which was also supported by the local people. From the year 1930 till independence, every year on January 26, Independence Day was celebrated all over the country.
all round freedom
In the Lahore session of the Congress, only the flag hoisting or the slogan of Poorna Swaraj was not filled. In that convention, the complete outline of the constitution of independent India and its future governance system was presented by Pandit Nehru, which was prepared under the direction of Mahatma Gandhi.
In the Lahore session, India was inspired to earn all four types of freedom – economic, political, cultural and spiritual. It was also made clear in this that India would accept a completely secular polity. Describing himself as a representative of socialist ideology, Nehru also said that India’s economy would be based on socialism. He said that he neither believes in the king-kingdom nor in the capitalist-run commerce system. India will neither accept the control of Parliament of England in any form nor will it accept the debt imposed on India by England.
The guidelines for independent India which were set with the resolution of Purna-Swaraj of the Lahore Session, also became the principles of the Preamble of the Constituent Assembly of India. It was also no coincidence that the Preamble of the Lahore Congress on 28 December 1929 and the Preamble of the Constituent Assembly of India on 13 December 1946 were both presented by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. Inspired by these two seed mantras, our constitution makers made the inclusive constitution of India. Since the day of resolution of these two seed mantras was January 26, it was decided to implement it from January 26, 1950, even after the work of making the constitution was completed on November 26, 1949.
disruption of events
Another incident of this glorious tradition of January 26, 1930 is very important. On the same day, in Bombay and some other cities, some people of the Communist Party demonstrated by carrying red flags instead of the Indian tricolor, violent clashes took place and the events being held with the Indian tricolor were disrupted. In response to this, the then Congress President Pandit Nehru had said that he respects the red flag as well, but if any person, organization or party disrespects the Indian tricolor, it will not be tolerated under any circumstances.
Disclaimer: The views expressed above are the author’s own.