Homi Jahangir Bhabha: Homi Jahangir Bhabha was the chief architect of India’s nuclear power programme. He was born on 30 October 1909 in a wealthy aristocratic family in Mumbai. He first envisioned a nuclear powered India and dreamed of making India self-reliant through progress in the field of nuclear energy. Due to his experiments and tireless efforts, India has emerged as one of the biggest nuclear powers in the world today. Come, let us know those 5 things about Homi Bhabha that you should know:
At the age of 18, young Homi went to Cambridge University to study mechanical engineering as per the wishes of his father and uncle Dorab Tata. It was the idea of his father and uncle that he would return to India after studying in England and work as a metallurgist in Tata Steel or Tata Steel Mills in Jamshedpur.
2. Interest in Nuclear Physics
His keen interest in physics prompted him to stay at Cambridge to complete his degree in physics. He received his doctorate in nuclear physics after his first scientific paper, ‘The Abortion of Cosmic Radiation’.
3. Returned to India for a holiday
In 1939, he came to India for a holiday but could not return due to the outbreak of World War II at the same time. However, it proved to be a boon for our country and by staying here, he made the country a nuclear power.
4. Establishment of TIFR
Bhabha, the father of India’s nuclear program and a stalwart of scientific research in India, laid the foundation of many prestigious institutions. He was the founding director of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in 1945 and the director of the Trombay Atomic Energy Establishment, which was later renamed the Bhabha Atomic Research Center by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi in his memory.
5. Mysterious Death
Homi Bhabha died in the Air India Flight 101 crash on January 24, 1966. The flight crashed due to miscommunication between the Geneva airport and the pilot of the flight regarding the position of the aircraft near Mont Blanc mountain. It is claimed that the American Intelligence Agency (CIA) conspired to kill him in order to stop India’s rapid progress towards nuclear prosperity.