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How special is the first indigenous vaccine of cervical cancer, know what will be the cost, who will get it free? – cervical cancer in india serum institute cervavac vaccine price efficacy cervical cancer statistics symptoms treatment ntc

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How special is the first indigenous vaccine of cervical cancer, know what will be the cost, who will get it free? - cervical cancer in india serum institute cervavac vaccine price efficacy cervical cancer statistics symptoms treatment ntc

The first indigenous vaccine made against cervical cancer will come in the market in a few months. This vaccine has been made by Pune-based Serum Institute. It has been named ‘CERVAVAC’.

This vaccine has been launched on Tuesday. Adar Poonawala, CEO of Serum Institute, told on Wednesday that this vaccine will come in the market from this year. He told that the production of the vaccine will be increased from next year, so that the needs of the country can be fulfilled.

Cervical cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV, but not all cause cancer. Cervical cancer is usually caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16 or 18.

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Serum’s CERVAVAC attacks all these four types, hence it is also called quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (qHPV).

How effective is this vaccine? Which women will get it for free? How much will it cost? Before knowing all this, let us understand what is cervical cancer?

What is cervical cancer?

It is generally believed that cervical cancer only happens to women, but sometimes it can happen to men too.

Infection occurs in the genital area due to cervical cancer. If attention is given on time, it can be treated, but death can also occur if it is delayed or if the infection spreads.

Cervical cancer is caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV). HPV is the cause of more than 95 percent of cervical cancer. HPV is usually spread by having sex. In many people, HPV spreads soon after having sex.

Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus. (Representational photo – Getty Images)

Now let’s talk about serum vaccine…

This is the first vaccine for cervical cancer made in the country. It is claimed that Serum Institute’s CERVAVAC trial has proved effective on women of all age groups.

– This vaccine has been approved for use in public health program by Drugs Controller (DCGI) and NTAGI, Advisory Committee on Vaccination Program.

– This vaccine has been made by the Serum Institute in collaboration with the Department of Biotechnology and the Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council. Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is also a partner in this.

Trials of this vaccine have been done. It is claimed that CERVAVAC has shown effect on all types of HPV during the trial.

– Several studies in India have revealed that a single dose of HPV vaccine is more than 95% effective against cervical cancer. In 2021, Lancet claimed in its study that the HPV vaccine could reduce cervical cancer cases by up to 90 percent.

When will the vaccine come in the market?

– This vaccine of serum has been launched. This vaccine is expected to come in the market from June this year. This vaccine has been included in the vaccination campaign of the Central Government.

Due to the involvement of CERVAVAC in the vaccination campaign, this vaccine will be given free of cost to girls aged 9 to 14 years.

Dr. Prakash Singh, Director of Regulatory Affairs at Serum Institute, had told that the cost of CERVAVAC would be much less as compared to the international brands of HPV vaccines currently available in the market.

At present, two foreign vaccines of cervical cancer are available in India. The cost of one dose of these vaccines is more than four thousand rupees. In September last year, Adar Poonawala had told that the cost of one dose of CERVAVAC would be between Rs 200 to 400.

What is the status of cervical cancer in India?

India has 16 percent of the total female population of the world, but every fourth case of cervical cancer in the world occurs in Indian women, while one-third of the deaths due to it occur in India only.

Cervical cancer is the second major cancer affecting Indian women after breast cancer. Recently it was estimated that about 80 thousand women get cervical cancer every year in India and 35 thousand women die from it.

Women between the ages of 15 and 44 are at the highest risk of cervical cancer. According to the data of the National Cancer Registry Program, the number of cervical cancer cases and deaths due to it are increasing year by year in India.

In 2015, 65,978 cases of cervical cancer were reported in the country and 29,029 deaths occurred. Whereas, in 2020, 75, 209 cases were reported and 33,095 deaths occurred. In 2020, there were 4420 deaths due to cervical cancer in Uttar Pradesh, 2952 in Maharashtra, 2499 in West Bengal, 2232 in Bihar and 1996 in Karnataka.

Cervical cancer can be cured if treated on time. (Representational photo – Getty Images)

How dangerous is cervical cancer?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women in the world. In 2020, more than 6 lakh cases were reported worldwide and there were about 3.5 lakh deaths. More than 90 percent of cases were reported in low- and middle-income countries.

According to WHO, women or men who are more sexually active can get infected with HPV sometime in their life. Some people can be infected more than once. However, in 90 percent of cases the infection ends on its own.

Generally, it may take 15 to 20 years for cervical cancer to develop in a healthy woman. If a woman’s immune system is weak or she is suffering from HIV, then she can develop cervical cancer within 5 to 10 years. According to WHO, the risk of cervical cancer is 6 times higher in women suffering from HIV.

Symptoms and treatment of cervical cancer

It takes years to get cervical cancer. That’s why its symptoms are not visible in the beginning. Bleeding is usually more from the genitals when there is cervical cancer.

Symptoms like vaginal infection, urine infection, bleeding after having sex, vaginal discharge, weight loss, swelling in the feet are seen in case of cervical cancer.

– If the disease is caught in the beginning itself, then it can be completely cured. There is a vaccine in India, but at present it is only for girls aged 9 to 26 years.