The Padma Awards were announced a day before the 74th Republic Day. This time 106 celebrities will be honored with Padma Awards.
Padma Awards are given to those who have made extraordinary achievements in different fields and have done special work.
This year, out of 106 personalities, 6 will be honored with Padma Vibhushan, 9 with Padma Bhushan and 91 with Padma Shri. 19 women are also included in these. There are two persons in the category of Foreigners/NRI/PIO/OCI in the list of Padma awardees. 7 people will be given this award posthumously.
Those who will be given the Padma Vibhushan include Balkrishna Doshi (posthumously), Zakir Hussain, SM Krishna, Dilip Mahalanobis (posthumously), Srinivas Varadhan and Mulayam Singh Yadav (posthumously).
Whereas SL Bhairappa, Kumar Mangalam Birla, Deepak Dhar, Vani Jairam, Swami Chinna Jiyar, Suman Kalyanpur, Kapil Kapoor, Sudha Murthy and Kamlesh D Patel will be honored with Padma Bhushan.
In such a situation, it is important to know that what is the history of Padma Awards? Which people get it? How to nominate or recommend? What does one get on being awarded the Padma Award?
What is the history of Padma Awards?
Padma Awards ie Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri are among the highest civilian awards of the country. Since 1954, they are announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day.
Padma Awards are given to those who have made extraordinary achievements and done special work in many fields including art, literature and education, sports, medicine, social work, science.
According to the information given on padmaawards.gov.in, the central government has been giving Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan awards since 1954. There were three classes in Padma Vibhushan – first class, second class and third class.
The names of these classes were later changed. A notification was issued on 8 January 1955, after which the names of these classes were changed to Padma Vibhushan, Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
Who gets this honor?
These awards are given for exceptional achievement or services in various fields including art, literature, education, sports, medicine, social service, science, engineering, public work, civil service, trade and industry. These awards are given in three categories…
1. Padma Vibhushan: For exceptional and distinguished service.
2. Padma Bhushan: For distinguished service of high order.
3. Padma Shri: For distinguished service.
According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, any person is eligible for these awards. However, government employees are not eligible for these awards till they are in office. However, doctors and scientists are exempted from this.
What do Padma awardees get?
Every year the award ceremony is organized in Rashtrapati Bhavan. During this, Padma awardees are given certificates and medals bearing the signature and seal of the President.
– Awarded personalities are also given a replica of their medal, which they can wear in any function.
According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, this award is not a title. Therefore it cannot be used in front or behind the names of the winners. If this happens then the award can be withdrawn.
With these prizes, the winners are not given any cash prize, allowance or any facility like exemption in rail-air travel.
How is the selection for the Padma Awards done?
Governments of all states and union territories, ministries or departments of the central government, personalities who have received Bharat Ratna and Padma Vibhushan awards can recommend the name of any person for the Padma Awards. This process happens every year.
Apart from this, a person can also nominate himself for the Padma Award. For this, one has to go to the awards.gov.in website. Here one has to click on the tab of Nomination/Apply Now. After this you have to give all your information. Also, you have to tell about the work you have done. Its word limit should not be more than 800.
There is also a time limit for nomination or recommendation. Every year the date is fixed from 1st May to 15th September. September 15 is also the last date for withdrawal of nominations.
Every year the Prime Minister constitutes a committee to consider the names of the Padma Awards. The chairman of this committee is the cabinet secretary. After considering the names, these committees make recommendations to the Prime Minister and the President. The names for the Padma Awards are decided after the approval of the Prime Minister and the President.
The number of Padma awards given in a year should not exceed 120. However, if it includes posthumous and awards given to foreigners, then this number can exceed 120.
Padma awards are not usually given posthumously. However, in some cases the government may consider giving the award posthumously.
When would the Padma Awards be announced?
Padma Awards are announced every year on the occasion of Republic Day. However, their announcement from 1978, 1979 and 1993 to 1997 was not announced on the occasion of Republic Day due to some reasons.