Will Nepal’s future be shaped by municipal elections?

Yukesh Chaudhary
Nepal Local election
Photo: ReetFeed using Canva | Respected Author
Aditya Chaudhary

Nepal Local Election: Nepali voters will choose representatives to fill up to 35,221 local legislative and executive seats on May 13, 2022.

Voters over the age of 18 will choose their leaders from a field of 145,112 candidates in 753 locations, comprising 6 metropolitan cities, 11 sub-metropolitan cities, 276 municipalities, and 460 village municipalities.

Local governments in Nepal will have 753 mayors and chairs, as well as 753 deputy mayors and vice-chairs.

Similarly, 6,743 ward chairpersons will be elected at the municipal level, with 13,486 available seats.

On May 13, 35,221 elected positions will be decided.

The May 13 local election is the second after the passage of the new constitution and the transition to federalism following the new constitution’s proclamation in 2015.

According to the Election Commission, around 200,000 additional young voters will be allowed to vote in this election.

Each ward, the country’s smallest local unit, will have at least one polling station, for a total of 21,955 polling places.

The polls will be open from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. A total of 35,221 local legislative and executive members will be elected by voters.

Nepal has a total of 6,743 wards, and voters will elect five ward members (a chairperson and four general members), as well as an executive head and deputy executive head for their municipality (mayor and deputy mayor) (chair and vice-chair).

Similarly, each voter can vote for up to seven local representatives.

A total of 35,221 local legislative and executive representatives will be chosen directly for five-year terms.

These seats are being contested by 145,112 candidates.

Local-level and voter turnout

A total of 1,77,333,723 voters are registered to vote in the election, with 89,92,010 male voters and 87,41,530 female voters. There are 183 “other” voters.

There are 4,051 polling booths and 1,877 polling stations.

Province 1 includes 137 local levels, which include 46 municipalities and 88 rural municipalities, as well as one metropolis and two sub-metropolises.

The province has 3.347 million registered voters, 1,877 voting stations, and 4,051 polling booths.

Similarly, Madhya Pradesh contains one metropolis and three sub-metropolises, as well as 136 local levels with 73 and 59 municipalities and villages.

Bagmati Province, too, has three metropolitan cities and one sub-metropolitan city.

Bagmati has 119 local levels, including 41 municipalities and 74 village municipalities.

This state has 34,12,869 registered voters, and 4,095 will vote at one of 17,92 polling locations.

Similarly, Gandaki Pradesh has 1,789,411 registered voters.

Lumbini Pradesh, on the other hand, has 109 bodies, including four sub-metropolitan municipalities, 32 municipalities, and 73 village municipalities.

This state has 32,19,457 registered voters, 1,629 polling stations, and 3,832 polling booths.

Karnali is divided into 25 municipalities, 54 village municipalities, and 79 municipalities.

It has a total of 1 million 1 thousand 2 hundred 82 voters and 907 voting booths.

There are 88 local entities in Sudhur Paschim Pradesh, comprising 1 sub-metropolis, 33 municipalities, and 54 village municipalities.

The total number of voters in this district is 1,632,150. There are 1135 polling places and 2103 polling booths.

Polling booths and election personnel are preparing for municipal elections.

All preparations for the May 13 local election have been completed by the Election Commission.

Security personnel has been stationed at polling places.

A total of 1,09,088 staff employees and 65,865 volunteers have arrived at their respective polling locations with the necessary election supplies.

Similarly, 5,000 election observers have been dispatched.

Two hundred sixty-five thousand security officers from all three security agencies, including temporary police, will be stationed at local voting places.

Political parties running in municipal elections

65 of the 79 registered political parties are competing. 14 parties have failed to field a single candidate.

There are 145,011 candidates in all, comprising 55,698 women and 89,313 men from various political parties and independent candidates.

Meanwhile, the EC reports that 390 local authorities were elected unopposed.